However, the North did not want them to have more representation and argued that if they wanted to treat slaves as if they were cattle, they should count for the same thing for the people – which is not. The northern states have not been too much focus on slavery-related issues. Its main objective was to ensure a new government. They were afraid of angering the South. Most of them saw slavery as a dying institution with no economic future. But in five years, it will be a question of inventing cotton gin that made cotton cultivation very profitable on plantations, as well as slavery. Many settlers, even slavers, hated slavery. Jefferson called it a „hidden spot“ on America. George Washington, who owned hundreds of slaves, called it „disgusting.“ James Mason, a slave owner from Virginia, denounced him as „bad.“ There was a dispute over the legislative branch. States with large populations wanted representation in both houses of the legislature to be based on population. Low-density states wanted each state to have the same number of representatives as the statutes of confederation.
This argument lasted two months. In the end, delegates approved the „big compromise.“ One branch, the House of Representatives, would depend on the population. The other, the Senate, would have two members from each state. When the American colonies were interrupted by England, the Continental Congress asked Thomas Jefferson to write the Declaration of Independence. In the statement, Jefferson expressed American abuse and explained why the settlers collapsed. His words foreshadowed America`s ideals of freedom and equality that still sway around the world. The agreement that resolved disagreements over whether slaves should be counted for representation was the three-fifths compromise. This compromise was reached in 1787 between the south and the north. These compromises on slavery had a serious impact on the nation. The volatile slave clause (imposed by the laws passed in 1793 and 1850) allowed escaped slaves to be hunted and captured in the North.
It also led to the illegal abduction and return of thousands of free blacks to slavery. The three-fifths compromise increased the Southern`s representation in Congress and the Electoral College. 12 of the first 16 presidential elections were won by a southern slave. The expansion of the slave trade after 1800 brought many slaves to America. South Carolina alone imported 40,000 slaves between 1803 and 1808 (when Congress voted overwhelmingly in favour of a cessation of trade). So many slaves entered that slavery invaded the Louisiana area and took root. Explanation: The agreement or clause of the Three Quintes stipulates that each slave must be counted as three-fifths of a person to determine the number of representatives that a state must send to the House. An agreement added to the Constitution, which would count each person enslaved three-fifths of a white person for the purpose of his representation in the House of Representatives. The first U.S.
government began under the statutes of Confederation, adopted in 1781. This document said nothing about slavery. It left the power to regulate slavery, as well as most powers to the states. In their experience with the British, the settlers were wary of a strong central government. The new national government consisted exclusively of a congress in which each state had one vote. The three-fifths compromise is an agreement that put an end to the disagreement over whether slaves should be counted for representation After this compromise, another controversy erupted: what should be done against the slave trade, the importation of new slaves into the United States? Ten states had already banned it. Many delegates strongly denounced it. But the three states that allowed it – Georgia and the two Carolinas – threatened to leave the agreement if trade was banned.